What is Duplex Steel?

Duplex steel refers to a family of stainless steels that have a two-phase microstructure consisting of both austenitic (face-centered cubic crystal structure) and ferritic (body-centered cubic crystal structure) phases. This dual-phase structure is achieved through a specific alloy composition that includes elements such as chromium, nickel, molybdenum, and nitrogen.
The most common duplex stainless steels belong to the UNS S3XXX series, where “S” stands for stainless, and the numbers indicate specific alloy compositions. The two-phase microstructure imparts a combination of desirable properties, making duplex steel suitable for various applications. Some key features of duplex steel include:
1.Corrosion Resistance: Duplex steel offers excellent corrosion resistance, particularly in harsh environments containing chlorides. This makes it suitable for use in chemical processing, oil and gas, and marine applications.
2.High Strength: Compared to austenitic stainless steels, duplex steel has higher strength, making it suitable for applications where increased mechanical strength is required.
3.Good Toughness and Ductility: Duplex steel maintains good toughness and ductility, even at low temperatures. This combination of properties is valuable in applications where the material may be subjected to varying loads and temperatures.
4.Stress Corrosion Cracking Resistance: Duplex steel exhibits good resistance to stress corrosion cracking, a type of corrosion that can occur under the combined influence of tensile stress and a corrosive environment.
5.Cost-Effective: While duplex steel can be more expensive than conventional austenitic stainless steel, its performance characteristics often justify the cost, especially in applications where corrosion resistance and strength are critical.
Common duplex stainless steel grades include duplex 2205 (UNS S32205) and duplex 2507 (UNS S32750). These grades are widely used in industries such as chemical processing, oil and gas exploration, offshore and marine engineering, and pulp and paper manufacturing.

2205 duplex bar    S32550-stainless-steel-sheet-300x240    31803 duplex pipe

Post time: Nov-27-2023